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The Well-Known Jurist Deng Haifeng from Tsinghua University Addresses Students on the Legal Guarantee Mechanism

Publish time: 2016-10-17 Author: Sun qi Zhang Yifan Hits:105

Prof. Deng Haifeng, Vice Dean ofthe School of Law at Tsinghua University, visits our college and gives a lecture titledthe Construction of China’s Carbon Tax Legal GuaranteeMechanism”for postgraduateson the morning of October 15.

In the lecture, Professor Deng stressedthesignificance ofconstructing legal guarantee mechanism for Chinas carbon tax. He said, the mechanism is largely aimed to enforce the application of carbon tax. It could help to tackle environmental issues and bolster sustainable development in line with Chinas actual situation, especially for the problems like globalwarmingand glaciersmelting. As an auxiliary device, the legaltrading system would help alleviateenvironmental pollution, such as reducing the emissions of six greenhouse gases with inhibitivetools.

He holds that the guaranteesystemis also of great value in coordinating carbon tax withotherexisting environmental taxes,and in linking carbon tax tocarbon emission trading system. A cost-controllable and effectivetax-levying systemwould be established based on this.

Besides, Professor Deng proposed to balance carbon tax and carbon tariffs. For this, he came up with four solutions: to revoke the air pollution fee system, integrating carbon tax and sewage charges; to introduce additional tax into carbon tax, ensuring the coordination of carbon tax withother related taxes; to replace fuel tax with carbon tax; and to levy carbon tax on motor vehicles.

Finally, he concluded that we should be flexible in the design of a carbon tax system. The social tax burden should be stabilized when integratingcarbon taxintoexisting environment taxes; and carbon taxshould be classified into two forms involvingadditional tax and independent tax.

At the end of the lecture, Professor Yin Aizhen from the School of Economics and Management asks:where should we begin to implement carbon tax?Professor Deng responded:Theres no consensus on this issue currently. As it is, it is not easy to levy a carbon tax, the cost would be high and the technique would be demanding, especially in cost-sensitive industries.

Thelectureis chairedby Dong Yan, deputy director of the Law Department; attended by Sun Zengqin, the secretary of the Party Branch of the Law Department, and teachers like Liu Yulin and Yin Aizhenas well as all the law-major postgraduates

Translated by Wu Ruiwen

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